Tribunal and court decisions

When preparing your appeal, it may be helpful to consult decisions on cases that are similar to yours.

All final Appeal Division decisions and a selection of General Division decisions are published here to help you prepare for an appeal.

At the Appeal Division, we publish the following decisions:

At the General Division, we publish the following decisions on Employment Insurance and Income Security (Canada Pension Plan and Old Age Security):

Tribunal members do not have to follow previous Tribunal decisions, but these could influence their decision.

Search court decisions

Tribunal members must follow decisions of the Supreme Court of Canada, the Federal Court of Appeal and the Federal Court. These are considered precedents. You may wish to refer to some of these cases in your appeal.

Search for cases that are similar to yours on the individual courts’ websites:

Decisions from these courts are also available on CanLII.

Reference tools

Use these tools to find decisions that are often referenced in appeals.

Decisions from former tribunals

You can find older Canada Pension Plan and Employment Insurance decisions by searching databases that were maintained by former tribunals. These databases are not updated, or supported by the Social Security Tribunal, and do not contain recent decisions.

Understanding citations

Since January 1, 2018, all Tribunal decisions have a citation that follows the Canadian bibliographic standard. This is called a neutral citation, which looks like this:

Case Name, Year SST decision number. See description for more details.
  • Description

    Neutral citations are written in the following format:

    Case name; year the decision was issued; acronym for the Social Security Tribunal; number based on the total number of decisions published that year.

  1. Year the decision was issued.
  2. Stands for Social Security Tribunal.
  3. Number based on the total number of decisions published so far that year.

Tribunal decisions published between 2013 and 2017 use a different bibliographic citation, which looks like this:

Case Name, Year SSTADEI decision number. See description for more details.
  • Description

    Neutral citations are written in the following format:

    Case name; year the decision was issued; acronym for the Social Security Tribunal; two-letter code of the division that made the decision, two-letter code of the section that made the decision; number based on the total number of decisions published that year. Note that there is no space between the tribunal acronym, division code and section code.

  1. Year the decision was issued.
  2. Stands for Social Security Tribunal.
  3. Two-letter code of the division that made the decision (GD for General Division or AD for Appeal Division).
  4. Two-letter code of the section that made the decision (EI for Employment Insurance or IS for Income Security, whether Canada Pension Plan or Old Age Security).
  5. Number based on the total number of decisions published so far that year.
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