Canada Pension Plan appeal process - General Division
The Social Security Tribunal of Canada is a quasi-judicial administrative tribunal that is independent of the Department of Employment and Social Development Canada. The Tribunal has the mandate to hear and make decisions on appeals of reconsideration decisions that were made by the Minister of Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC).
If you disagree with an ESDC reconsideration decision related to a claim for Canada Pension Plan benefits, you may appeal this decision to the Tribunal.
Who can appeal
For all benefits under the Canada Pension Plan, you can appeal the ESDC reconsideration decision if you are:
- an applicant for the benefit (meaning the person who applied for the benefit); or
- a beneficiary of the benefit (meaning the person who is receiving the benefit).
The benefits under the Canada Pension Plan are: disability pension, retirement pension, death benefit, survivor’s pension, disabled contributor’s child’s benefit, orphan’s benefit, and post-retirement benefit.
For a Division of Unadjusted Pensionable Earnings, also known as a division of pension credits, you can appeal an ESDC reconsideration decision if you are:
- a spouse,
- a former spouse,
- a common-law partner,
- a former common-law partner, or
- an estate.
For the assignment of a retirement pension, you can appeal if you are:
- a beneficiary (meaning the person who is receiving the benefit), or
- a beneficiary’s spouse or common-law partner.
How to appeal: print version
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